Fun Facts Logo

Fun Facts on Earthquakes

Fun Facts For Kids

Did You Know?
Did you know that there are around half a million detectable earthquakes in the world every year? However only a small amount can be felt and less than a hundred cause damage. Did you know that houses in some countries are being specially designed and built to withstand earthquakes? Did you know that earthquakes under the ocean can cause a tsunami? Read our interesting facts sheet to discover more information, fun facts and trivia about the subject of Earthquakes.

Fun Fact 1: What is an Earthquake? An earthquake is when earth's crust moves causing sudden, and often powerful, movements. The damage caused by earthquakes can vary from insignificant to devastating destruction

Fun Fact 2: Tectonic plates are flat slabs of rock that cover the earth's crust. Earth is divided into several major tectonic plates, and a number of much smaller ones, they move individually and very slowly all the time. The plate boundary is where the plates join up; these boundary areas are noted globally for geological features and happenings, especially earthquakes and active volcanos

Fun Fact 3: Earthquakes involve the powerful movement of earth's tectonic plates, this movement releases energy creating seismic (pronounced saizmik) waves, the seismic waves cause the ground to move and shake

Fun Fact 4: Scientists measure the seismic waves of earthquakes with seismometers; this calculates the scale and location of each earthquake

Fun Fact 5: Seismic waves cause the most damaging earthquakes when they are less than 30 km from the earth's surface, this is called a shallow focus

Fun Fact 6: A deep focus measures seismic waves at a distance of 80km from the earth's surface, these are the least damaging earthquakes

Fun Fact 7: What is an epicentre? The epicentre of an earthquake is the area on the surface, above the point where the earthquake originated. The speeds of the seismic waves enable scientists to locate the epicentre of an earthquake

Fun Fact 8: The hypocenter of an earthquake is the area below the earth’s surface; it is the place where the earthquake began

Fun Fact 9: Where do earthquakes happen? Over 70% of earthquakes occur around the edge of the Pacific Ocean. The worst affected areas include; Japan, China, the Philippines, Indonesia, Australasia and the West coast of North and South America

Fun Fact 10: The surface of the earth is covered by approximately 70% water, earths oceanic plates sink and move causing underwater earthquakes; more earthquakes occur underwater than under land

Fun Fact 11: A tsunami is a sequence of huge waves of water that usually occur in oceans or large lakes. Tsunamis are caused by geological disturbances within the surrounding areas; they are usually caused by underwater earthquakes, volcanic eruptions and landslides

Fun Fact 12: How do tsunamis form? When the plates on earth's crust move due to a geological disturbance, energy is created which displaces the water to form a wave, as the wave moves it increases in size. Most tsunamis are very small and go un-noticed. Large, powerful tsunamis do not create immediate giant waves, they travel towards shore in a similar way to a tide, often pulling back from the coastline a distance of hundreds of meters, a clear sign that a big tsunami is on its way. Then when the tsunami hits shallow water it increases in height, before crashing into the shoreline potentially causing havoc

Fun Fact 13: Alaska is the most earthquake active state in the U.S! Alaska has more than 50% of all U.S. Earthquakes. U.S. states of Florida and North Dakota have the smallest number of earthquakes in America

Fun Fact 14: The most deadly earthquake on record took place in central china in 1556; an estimated 830,000 people died when their homes gave way and collapsed

Fun Fact 15: Earthquakes can destroy communities, injury people and lead to deaths. Often earthquakes are only the beginning of the damage that can occur. The effects of an earthquake can include many of these examples;  buildings damaged and unstable, burst water pipes that could result in water pollution and contamination and flooding, burst gas pipes potentially leading to explosions or fires, business, industries, homes and public buildings destroyed, transport links and emergency services disrupted. Other risks to consider would be the consequences to the landscape, environment and wildlife along with the risk of landslides and tsunamis

Fun Facts for Kids

Fun Facts about Earth for Kids

Privacy Statement

Cookie Policy

© 2017 Siteseen Ltd