Fun Fact 2 The ancient city of Petra is situated in Wadi Musa, Petra,
Ma'an in Jordan; located on the crossroads between Arabia, Egypt and
Fun Fact 3: Petra is an ancient archaeological site steeped in centuries
of history, styles and designs from various nations including the
Greeks, Romans and Egyptians - all of whom have left their legacy within
the walls of Petra.
Fun Fact 4: Archeologists are fascinated by this stunning New Wonder of
the World which was a central part to the trade routes of the ancient
world (the ancient world refers to the region around the Mediterranean
and the Near East).
Fun Fact 5: Throughout history, millions of people have passed through
the city of Petra and witnessed its magnificence. It is a huge
attraction which brings in a great amount of tourism year after year.
Fun Fact 6: There are magnificent buildings constructed and carved from
red rock at the historical city of Petra. Some of the fabulous
structures include churches, monuments, tombs, galleries and sacrificial
Fun Fact 7: The fabulous old buildings are carved into the steep red
rocky walls at the side of one of Jordan's Mount Hor's valleys. The
structures are huge and stunning; they can only be accessed via a narrow
Fun Fact 8: The city of Petra is not solely famous for its spectacular
buildings but also for its water conduit system. This area of Jordan can
experience flooding but the waters are controlled by the system and
measures have been put in place to effectively store water during long
periods of drought.
Fun Fact 9: By the 6th Century BC, a desert tribe known as the
Nabataeans controlled the area. They didn't leave any written records
but it is believed that the Nabataeans featured hugely in the history
and development of Petra.
Fun Fact 10: The Nabataeans developed the water conduit system, dams and
reservoirs by skillfully collecting and preserving stores of water. This
is partly why the city of Petra became a stopping point for merchants
and traders as it provided a desert oasis.
Fun Fact 11: During historical times, the walls of Petra would have
provided a safe haven for its inhabitants as the steep cliffs helped to
defend them from attackers and the stream provided a source of water.
Fun Fact 12: The city thrived well for many years and its residents
continued to construct fabulous buildings etched into the red rock of
the valley. This success continued until the 4th Century AD when traders
started to travel more by sea.
Fun Fact 13: Many buildings were destroyed and the water conduit system
was damaged during an earthquake which occurred in 383AD. This didn't
help the city's prosperity so slowly the inhabitants started to leave
and Petra gradually ceased to become a visiting point for merchants.
Fun Fact 14: In 1812, the city of Petra was rediscovered by the
Europeans. Until this point, it had remained unknown to the Western
World. A Swiss explorer by the name of Johann Ludwig Burckhardt
described the archaeological site as 'a rose-red city half as old as
Fun Fact 15: Petra is still a huge tourist attraction today; it is
visited every year by people from all over the world. This famous
ancient archaeological city in Jordan has featured in various
documentaries and movies including Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade.