Fun Fact 2 Sometimes Machu Picchu is known by the name 'The Lost City of the Incas' because it remained lost for many years.
Fun Fact 3: Machu Picchu is a city which was built by the Incan People who belonged to the largest empire in pre-Columbian America. This majestic city is a reminder of their great achievements.
Fun Fact 4: It is believed that the city of Machu Picchu was built in approximately 1450 AD at the height of the Incan Empire.
Fun Fact 5: The exact reason why the city of Machu Picchu was built remains unknown. People share different beliefs regarding the city's purpose include the possibility that the citadel may have been built for religious reason, agricultural reason or simply as a mountain retreat. Nobody really knows why this majestic site was developed by the Inca race.
Fun Fact 6: It is thought that the city wasn't inhabited for very long as researchers believe Machu Picchu was wiped out by disease by 1572. It is thought that smallpox was introduced by Spanish conquers (called conquistadors) who came to the region.
Fun Fact 7: As Machu Picchu remained mostly undamaged, it's thought that the conquistadors didn't reach or discover the city. They damaged temples and sacred stones in other areas which had been built by the Incan Empire.
Fun Fact 8: The site of Machu Picchu was built very high up in a mountainous area, in a dense Peruvian rainforest. The city lies approximately 2,430 meters above sea level. Can you imagine how a city was built at this altitude so long ago?
Fun Fact 9: The ancient ruins still remain today and are divided by a wall which separates agricultural land which is terraced and a built-up urban area.
Fun Fact 10: As the city of Machu Picchu was built so high up and surrounded by terraces and steep walls it was well protected and hidden from potential attackers.
Fun Fact 11: The urban area of Machu Picchu consists of walls constructed in ashlar masonry, a typical style used by the Incan Empire. The stones were polished, shaped and fitted together without the need for mortar.
Fun Fact 12: The people of the Incan Empire had great skills and abilities, they were also great architects; planning and constructing their building work perfectly.
Fun Fact 13: The city of Machu Picchu consisted of different types of buildings including sanctuaries, temples, thatched houses and various features of which around 140 still remain.
Fun Fact 14: There are ritual stones located at Machu Picchu which are believed to hold religious significance as they're arranged to point towards the sun and are thought to tie the sun to the earth. This type of stone is known as the 'Intihuatana Stone'.
Fun Fact 15: Machu Picchu attracts tourism from all over the world. It is Peru's biggest tourist spot. People visit from all over to view the fabulous work and talent of the Incan Empire.