Fun Fact 2 Sometimes Machu Picchu is known by the name 'The Lost City of
the Incas' because it remained lost for many years.
Fun Fact 3: Machu Picchu is a city which was built by the Incan People
who belonged to the largest empire in pre-Columbian America. This
majestic city is a reminder of their great achievements.
Fun Fact 4: It is believed that the city of Machu Picchu was built in
approximately 1450 AD at the height of the Incan Empire.
Fun Fact 5: The exact reason why the city of Machu Picchu was built
remains unknown. People share different beliefs regarding the city's
purpose include the possibility that the citadel may have been built for
religious reason, agricultural reason or simply as a mountain retreat.
Nobody really knows why this majestic site was developed by the Inca
Fun Fact 6: It is thought that the city wasn't inhabited for very long
as researchers believe Machu Picchu was wiped out by disease by 1572. It
is thought that smallpox was introduced by Spanish conquers (called
conquistadors) who came to the region.
Fun Fact 7: As Machu Picchu remained mostly undamaged, it's thought that
the conquistadors didn't reach or discover the city. They damaged
temples and sacred stones in other areas which had been built by the
Fun Fact 8: The site of Machu Picchu was built very high up in a
mountainous area, in a dense Peruvian rainforest. The city lies
approximately 2,430 meters above sea level. Can you imagine how a city
was built at this altitude so long ago?
Fun Fact 9: The ancient ruins still remain today and are divided by a
wall which separates agricultural land which is terraced and a built-up
Fun Fact 10: As the city of Machu Picchu was built so high up and
surrounded by terraces and steep walls it was well protected and hidden
from potential attackers.
Fun Fact 11: The urban area of Machu Picchu consists of walls
constructed in ashlar masonry, a typical style used by the Incan Empire.
The stones were polished, shaped and fitted together without the need
Fun Fact 12: The people of the Incan Empire had great skills and
abilities, they were also great architects; planning and constructing
their building work perfectly.
Fun Fact 13: The city of Machu Picchu consisted of different types of
buildings including sanctuaries, temples, thatched houses and various
features of which around 140 still remain.
Fun Fact 14: There are ritual stones located at Machu Picchu which are
believed to hold religious significance as they're arranged to point
towards the sun and are thought to tie the sun to the earth. This type
of stone is known as the 'Intihuatana Stone'.
Fun Fact 15: Machu Picchu attracts tourism from all over the world. It
is Peru's biggest tourist spot. People visit from all over to view the
fabulous work and talent of the Incan Empire.