Fun Fact 2 The Galapagos Islands lay either side of the equator and despite belonging to Ecuador they are actually located around 973 kilometres from the coast of Ecuador.
Fun Fact 3: The exact age of the Galapagos Islands is unknown; however, researchers believe they formed two to three million years ago by volcanic activity.
Fun Fact 4: The Galapagos Islands are located where three tectonic plates meet which naturally makes the area prone to lots of volcanic activity. This area is also known as the Galapagos Hotspot. A tectonic plate may also be called a lithosphere plate.
Fun Fact 5: The region is still prone to volcanic activity which can change the shape and size of the location. For example, an eruption in 2009 extended the coastline of one of the islands.
Fun Fact 6: The Galapagos Islands are known by other names which include the Spanish name 'Islas Galápagos' and the official name Archipiélago de Colón.
Fun Fact 7: People do live on the Galapagos Islands. The total population is more than 25,000 people.
Fun Fact 8: The Galapagos Islands are home to a variety of marine life, birds and animals. There are various species of birds including the Darwin Finch, and one of the most popular island inhabitants is the tortoise. Lots of animal species existed many years ago but some became extinct during the 19th Century when hunters lived on the islands.
Fun Fact 9: The Galapagos Islands are now protected. They became a national park in the 1930s and have since become a World Heritage Site and a Biosphere Reserve.
Fun Fact 10: There are fifteen main islands in total, three small isles and 107 tiny islets, skerries and rocks.
Fun Fact 11: The largest Galapagos Island is called 'Isabela' and it is much bigger than the second largest island; which is in fact around four times smaller than Isabela. The biggest island is approximately 4,640 square kilometres.
Fun Fact 12: Charles Darwin learned a great deal from the Galapagos Islands which helped him to develop the theory of evolution. Charles Darwin wrote, 'The natural history of this archipelago is very remarkable: it seems to be a little world within itself.'
Fun Fact 13: In 1535, the Spanish landed on the Galapagos Islands, they were the first Europeans to set foot in the area.
Fun Fact 14: The region has been home to different groups throughout history. At one time they provided a refuge for English pirates.
Fun Fact 15: The Galapagos Islands attract a great deal of tourism. Every year, people visit from around the world to witness the unique landscape and natural beauty which is a result of volcanic activity.