Fun Fact 2: Bones support and protect the important organs in our bodies, they produce red and white blood cells and store essential minerals that our bodies need to remain healthy
Fun Fact 3: How many bones are in the human body? There are 206 bones in an adult body; together they are called a skeleton
Fun Fact 4: What are bones made of? Bones are made of mineral salts, calcium, proteins, water and tissues
Fun Fact 5: Where is the biggest bone? The biggest bone in our body is our femur. The femur joins the pelvis (hip) to the knee; it is sometimes called the thigh bone. The Femur is also the heaviest bone in the human body
Fun Fact 6: The smallest bone in the human body is situated in the ear; the stapes bone (also known as stirrup) measures just 2.8 mm long
Fun Fact 7: When bones come together they form a joint, this allows movement and flexibility. The names of joints include ball and socket, hinge, pivot and a saddle joint. The saddle joint is only found in the hand
Fun Fact 8: The skull is actually made up of 22 sections of bone. The only section of the skull that can move is called the mandible
Fun Fact 9: How many different types of bone are there in the human body? The human body is made up of five different types of bone: long, short, flat, irregular and sesamoid
Fun Fact 10: Examples of different types of bone; long - Humerus (arm) and Tibia (lower leg), Short - Carpals (hand) and Tarsals (foot), Flat - Scapula (shoulder blade) and Cranium (skull), Irregular - Vertebrae (spine) and Mandible (lower jaw), Sesamoid - bones that are usually short or irregular bones and imbedded in a tendon a good example is the Patella (knee cap)
Fun Fact 11: Funny fact! A human has the same number of bones in its neck as a giraffe; they both have seven bones in their neck - the giraffe's neck bones are just a bit longer!
Fun Fact 12: A broken bone is called a fracture. If the bone breaks through the skin the break is called a compound fracture. Fractures can sometimes heal themselves, but severe breaks need pins, screws or plates to fix them
Fun Fact 13: Severely broken bones can take can take many months to heal
Fun Fact 14: Bone is stronger than steel, in fact a steel bar measuring the same dimensions as a bone would weigh around four times heavier!
Fun Fact 15: Our body contains more calcium than any other mineral; if we do not eat enough calcium our bones become weak. Make sure you drink plenty of milk and eat calcium to remain fit and healthy!