Fun Fact 3: When water is not moving it has potential energy which means
that it contains energy but has to move in order to release it.
Fun Fact 4: Moving water has kinetic energy, the faster the flow of
water is running, the more energy it produces.
Fun Fact 5: Water energy can be converted to electricity through a
Fun Fact 6: Hydropower plants can use different forms of water from
rivers and oceans to produce electricity. There has to be enough water
and it has to be running fast, as the flow must be strong and powerful
enough to turn a turbine.
Fun Fact 7: Typically, water energy is produced through a hydropower
plant via a dam. A dam is used to block and divert water, preventing it
from flowing in its natural direction. The dam is used to guide the
water through a pipe, called a penstock, which leads to a turbine. When
the dam releases the water, the force and speed in which it flows, turns
the turbine, it travels through it and comes out on the other side of
the dam back into its original water flow (i.e. river).
Fun Fact 8: The turbine generates electricity when the power of the
water (water energy) passes through it.
Fun Fact 9: Electricity from a turbine has many uses including providing
power to homes, businesses and power lines.
Fun Fact 10: The fast flow of water used to produce energy doesn't
necessarily have to be produced by the use of a dam. Enough speed and
volume of water can be provided by the natural current of a river, the
waves and tides of our oceans. For example, a hydropower plant could be
built close to a powerful waterfall, i.e. the Niagara Falls.
Fun Fact 11: Water energy, and the process it goes through, is a clean
source which doesn't pollute our atmosphere or harm our planet.
Fun Fact 12: This type of energy is one of the least expensive. It is
cheaper than other processes such as obtaining oil, coal and gas.
Fun Fact 13: One of the largest producers of hydropower in the world is
Fun Fact 14: The conversion of moving water to electricity requires a
large volume (amount) of water. Approximately 18 gallons is required to
generate (produce) 1 kWh of electricity at hydropower plants.
Fun Fact 15: This type of energy is one of the oldest forms. It dates
back as far as the Ancient Egyptians who used to use this form of energy
to grind grain.