Fun Fact 2: The nuclear energy at the centre (nucleus) of an atom is very strong. It is released when a bond is broken.
Fun Fact 3: There are two different ways in which an atom can release nuclear energy; nuclear fusion and nuclear fission..
Fun Fact 4: Nuclear fusion definition: energy is released when atoms fuse together. This means that atoms join together to form a bigger atom.
Fun Fact 5: Nuclear fission definition: energy is released when atoms break. The atoms split and form smaller atoms.
Fun Fact 6: The Sun is a good example of how nuclear fusions works and produces energy. The Sun is a huge ball of gas giving off energy all the time.
Fun Fact 7: Nuclear energy is sometimes referred to as uranium. Uranium is a chemical element, a radioactive metal found in rocks which are used as nuclear fuel. Uranium is commonly used by nuclear plants for nuclear fission.
Fun Fact 8: Uranium is a non-renewable fuel. Once uranium is sourced from mines, it has to be processed before it can be used as a fuel. Non-renewable means that this particular fuel source cannot be renewed.
Fun Fact 9: Some power plants, such as ones producing fossil fuels, poison our atmosphere with pollution. Nuclear power plants do not pollute the air as they do not produce carbon dioxide. However, the process of sourcing nuclear fuel (uranium) involves mining and processing before it can be used for fuel.
Fun Fact 10: Nuclear energy can produce radioactive waste for example; used reactor fuel, such materials can be harmful to humans and animals as they may remain radioactive. These materials have to handled and disposed of in special ways according to regulations (rules/laws) in order to protect life.
Fun Fact 11: The harmful bi-product from nuclear energy produces radiation; it is called radioactive waste. When any living thing is exposed to large amounts of radiation, it can be very harmful to their survival. This is why it must be removed and disposed of from power plants.
Fun Fact 12: Even clothes can become contaminated when radiation is produced! Any material which becomes contaminated can remain radioactive for thousands of years!
Fun Fact 13: When energy is released at nuclear power plants, it is done so by splitting the atoms. When this happens, a huge amount of energy is released.
Fun Fact 14: Nuclear energy can produce electricity. Nuclear power plants produce electricity which involves nuclear fission (energy is released when atoms split, forming smaller atoms).
Fun Fact 15: Uranium is found in mines, in parts of the world such as the United States, Russian, Canada, South Africa and Australia.