Fun Fact 2: This form of energy comes from organic material which is the remains of decayed plants and animals. Over millions of years, rock has formed, trapping the organic material beneath it. The intense pressure and heat which has built up over time, produces different materials and energy sources, one of them being natural gas.
Fun Fact 3: Gas energy was discovered when flames could be seen coming from small gaps between rock formations where gas had escaped and flames had managed to ignite due to other energies around it.
Fun Fact 4: Natural gas consists mainly of methane which is a compound formed by one carbon atom and four hydrogen atoms.
Fun Fact 5: Natural gas also contains by-products such as propane and butane which are cleaned and separated when they later go through a gas processing plant. These particular by-products can be used for other important functions such as cooking and heating.
Fun Fact 6: As the process for producing natural gas energy takes thousands of years, a machine has been created by man to help speed the process up. This type of machine is called a 'digester' and it converts decayed plants, animals and other types of organic material into natural gas energy.
Fun Fact 7: Geologists study rocks and the Earth's history and structure. They detect natural gas, produced from organic material, underneath rock. Once detected, they drill wells to obtain the gas through pipelines. This can be on land or in the sea - many sources of natural gas are found deep within our oceans!
Fun Fact 8: Natural gas is not easy to store or transport due to its low density. Often it is stored inside pipelines and old gas reservoirs that have been previously used for the same purpose.
Fun Fact 9: Natural gas energy has many important functions which may include heating your home, cooking food, fuelling the car and generating electricity.
Fun Fact 10: This type of energy is a major source of power as it's used for generating electricity through the use of cogeneration, steam turbines and gas turbines.
Fun Fact 11: Natural gas is a cleaner type of fuel than many other fossil fuels as it produces less carbon dioxide than other sources such as coal and oil.
Fun Fact 12: This particular source of energy is fantastic for domestic cooking and heating as it has the potential to generate heat at extremely high temperature. Natural gas is often used within our homes as part of our central heating system, oven, water heaters etc.
Fun Fact 13: Natural gas can be liquefied then converted back to gas form. When it is liquefied, it can be stored and transported in tanks.
Fun Fact 14: Natural gas has to go through important processes before it can be used as fuel. This process cleanses the gas by removing impurities including water and by-products.
Fun Fact 15: Natural gas energy has many other uses and functions which include the production of hydrogen and the production of materials including glass, steel, fabrics, paint and plastics.